Was completed towards the end of Muslim rule of Spain by Yusuf I 1333 to 1353 and Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada 1353 to 1391 the Alhambra is a reflection of the culture of the last centuries of the Moorish rule of Al Andalus, reduced to the Nasrid Emirate of Granada. It is a place where artists and intelectuals had taken refuge as the Reconquest by Spanish Christians who won victories over Al Andalus.


The decorations with in the palaces typified the remains of Moorish dominion within Spain and with little of the Byzantine influence of contemporary Abassid architecture, artists endlessly reproduced the same forms and trends creating a new style that developed over the course of the Nasrid Dynasty. TheNasrids used freely all the stylistic elements that had been created and developed during 8 centuries of Muslim rule in the Peninsula, the Calliphal horseshoe arch, the Almohad sebka , the Almoravid palm, and unique combinations of them, as well as innovations such as stilted arches and muquarnas stalactite ceiling decorations.

People and places

The Alhambra dates from 1238 and was construcucted by the Nasrid, principallyYusuf I, who reigned from 1333 to1354. Followingof the expultion of the Moors and unification of Spain, Isabellaof Castle 1451 to 1504 and Ferdinand of Aragon 1452 to 1516 briefly established their palace there.

Renovations and changes

The Alhambra did not have a master plan for the total site design, so its overall layout is not orthogonal neither organized. As a result of the sites many construction phases from the original 9th century citadel, through the 14th century Muslim palaces, to the 16th century palace of Charles V some buildings are at odd positioning to each other.


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Floor Plan

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